Parenting Stress Index (PSI) 4th Edition
Richard R. Abidin, EdD
The Parenting Stress Index (PSI), designed to identify stressful areas in parent-child interactions, focuses on three major domains of stressor source: child characteristics, parent characteristics, and situational/demographic characteristics.
The child characteristics are measured in 6 subscales: distractibility/hyperactivity, adaptability, reinforces parent, demandingness, mood, and acceptability. The parent personality and situational variables component consists of 7 subscales: competence, isolation attachment, health, role restriction, depression, and spouse. The PSI is particularly helpful in:
• Early identification of dysfunctional parent-child systems
• Prevention programs aimed at reducing stress
• Intervention and treatment planning in high stress areas
• Family functioning and parenting skills
• Assessment of child-abuse risk
• Forensic evaluation for child custody
• Revised to improve the psychometric characteristics of individual items
• Updated item wording (the original structure has been retained)
• Validated by studies conducted in a variety of foreign populations
• Expanded norms organized by each year of child age
The manual has 118 pages of information, including additional reference group profiles and case illustrations, Hispanic norms, and expanded norms by age. A 5th grade reading level is required.
The PSI consists of a 101-item test booklet with an optional 19-item Life Stress scale; and a new, all-in-one self-scoring answer sheet/profile form. It yields 17 scores, including 7 Child Domain scores, 8 Parent Domain scores, and a Total Stress score, plus the optional Life Stress score.
The PSI Short Form is a direct derivative of the full-length test and consists of a 36-item self-scoring questionnaire/profile. It yields a Total Stress score from 3 scales: parental distress, parent-child dysfunctional interaction, and difficult child.